This article was updated on April 3 to clarify that there is no guaranteed amount for the EIDL advance/grant. We want to correct original guidance we gave regarding the $10,000 grant—it’s a common misconception, but after reading the law and hearing from some who have applied for the grant, we want to clarify that the advance is up to $10,000—you are not guaranteed a full $10,000 advance on your EIDL.
The SBA CARES Act, including the Paycheck Protection Program, is now law. It includes some relaxed qualification criteria when compared to a traditional SBA 7(a) loan, making it a viable option for business owners seeking funding.
What is the Paycheck Protection Program?
The SBA Paycheck Protection Program is the official name of the $367 billion in funds allocated by congress and administered by the Small Business Administration (SBA). It’s part of the 7(a) loan program with the goal of providing low-interest loans with favorable terms to small businesses impacted by the current economic crisis caused by COVID-19.
NOTE: Nav has created a CARES Act SBA Loan Calculator to help you determine how much you should be asking for when you apply for your Paycheck Protection Loan. Jump to Cares Act SBA Loan Calculator
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How Does the Paycheck Protection Program Work?
The funds are not immediately available, but they will be available over the coming days and weeks. Because the anticipated application response is expected to be greater than what has ever been experienced by the SBA, in addition to traditional SBA lenders like banks and credit unions, previous lenders that were not SBA lenders will now be authorized to accept applications and service the loans associated with the Paycheck Protection Program. This includes Nav’s marketplace of 60+ lenders—giving you multiple paths for SBA funds.
As our partner lenders respond to the financial crisis, we’re in regular communication to update qualifiers and ensure we give you the best opportunity to qualify for funds. In other words, working with Nav can put you first in line with a number of best-in-class lenders when the SBA is ready for funds to be released in the coming days. Our Lending Specialists can help you select a lender and get the right documents together—eliminating the guesswork. And we’ll do it for free.
Nav’s CARES Act SBA Loan Calculator
How Do I Apply for the Paycheck Protection Program?
Unlike the Economic Injury Disaster Loans (EIDL), the Paycheck Protection loans don’t come directly from the SBA. Individual lenders, including many banks, credit unions, and some online lenders will make SBA guaranteed loans as part of the program. These lenders are preparing to accept applications for these loans, along with Nav. We will be helping match small business owners to lenders making SBA loans through Nav’s online Marketplace.
Before you apply, you’ll need to make sure you have answers/documentation for some important information the lender will need to evaluate your SBA loan application. You will need to know much money do you need to borrow to meet your needs, including:
- Your payroll costs, including employee salary, wages and commissions, payment of tips, payments for vacation, parental, family, and sick leave, etc. These costs may also include the costs of group health benefits (including insurance premiums), payment of retirement benefits, payment of state and local tax assessment on employee compensation, an income for a sole proprietor or independent contractor not in excess of $100,000.
- Your utility expenses, defined as electricity, gas, water, transportation, and telephone or internet access for service that began before February 15, 2020.
To help work through the details of the initial application process, Nav has created an easy-to-use CARES Act SBA Loan Calculator to help you determine what you should apply for.
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Will My Business Qualify for the Paycheck Protection Program?
To qualify for the Paycheck Protection Program, you must be a small business as defined by the SBA. This includes:
- Small businesses or non-profit 501(c)(3) organizations with 500 or fewer employees
- Small businesses, 501(c)(3) veteran’s organizations or tribal concerns that meet the SBA size standards
- Sole proprietors or independent contractors
Businesses in the food or hospitality industry (NAICS codes beginning in (72) may be eligible on a per location basis).
Normal affiliation rules for franchises or businesses receiving financial assistance from a Small Business Investment Company are waived.
In determining eligibility for these loans, the lenders must consider whether the business was in operation on February 14, 2020, and had employees for whom the borrower paid salaries and payroll taxes, or paid independent contractors (as reported on Form1099-MISC). An ‘employee’ includes individuals employed on a full-time, part-time, or other basis.
Additionally, “…individuals who operate under a sole proprietorship or as an independent contractor and eligible self-employed individuals shall be eligible,” according to the legislation. If your business falls into this category, you will need to provide documentation such as “payroll tax filings reported to the Internal Revenue Service, Forms 1099-MSC, and income and expenses from the sole proprietorship, as determined by the (SBA) Administrator and the (Treasury) Secretary.”
What Are the Loan Terms Offered Through the Program?
The maximum loan amount is the lesser of $10 million and 2.5 times the average monthly payroll costs (this is why the payroll calculation is so important) for the one year period before the loan was made, with consideration for any seasonality-based adjustments or a shorter period for businesses less than a year old. In other words, if you have been in business for less than a year or are a seasonal business, the nuance of your business will be taken into consideration.
The maximum loan term is 10 years, but shorter terms will also be available. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the SBA, will set guidance on interest rates and other terms and conditions of the program. Currently interest rates are negotiated between the SBA lender and the borrower, based upon the Prime Rate or the SBA Peg Rate, with a cap.
Interest rates will be deferred for one year.
Can Loans Through the Paycheck Protection Plan Be Forgiven?
These loans are available for forgiveness, but there are some conditions for which some loan forgiveness is available, but don’t assume forgiveness is automatic and any forgiveness (if available in your circumstance) will be based upon factors like your payroll costs, rent, utilities, and interest payments on debts you had previous to receiving the aid—and will go through a review with the lender.
Cancelled indebtedness will not be included in your taxable income.
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What About the Grant I’ve Heard About?
The Paycheck Protection Program does not include a grant. The advance of up to $10,000 is part of the Economic Injury Disaster Loan program. Under the Payment Protection Act, this grant will reduce the amount eligible for forgiveness within the Paycheck Protection Program.
What Should I Be Doing to Prepare my Application?
While you wait for the SBA to release these funds to lenders there are a couple of things you can do right now. Gather payroll documentation and determine what you should apply for: This will include salaries and other related expenses outlined above. Nav’s CARES Act SBA Loan Calculator will help you determine the amount you should apply for.Check your credit: Although the SBA understands that there may be some businesses with credit that has already started to suffer resulting from the crisis, your personal credit score and FICO SBSS score will still be part of the decision-making process. You can do that for free at Nav.com.
Please keep in mind this information is changing rapidly and is based on our current understanding of the programs. It can and likely will change. Although we will be monitoring and updating this as new information becomes available, please do not rely solely on this for your financial decisions. We encourage you to consult with your lawyers, CPAs and Financial Advisors. To review your real-time funding options with one of Nav’s lending experts, please contact us.