Commercial Truck Financing: Financing Options for Semi Trucks

Commercial Truck Financing: Financing Options for Semi Trucks

Commercial Truck Financing: Financing Options for Semi Trucks

In the trucking industry, you won’t get far without a fleet of vehicles for your business. Owner operators and small business owners often don’t have the working capital to cover their trucking expenses, but they need those vehicles for their truck drivers. The solution? Semi truck financing.

Access to funds that allow you to buy the vehicles you need can help you conserve cash flow while still getting the equipment you need to succeed.

How Commercial/Semi Truck Financing Works for You

If you decide that truck or trailer financing is the best option, here’s more on how it works.

You can finance the vehicles you are purchasing through the car dealer you are buying from, but it can pay to shop around, and there are many banks and other lenders that specialize in loans specifically for heavy machinery and vehicles.

With truck or equipment financing, the vehicle or equipment you are purchasing serves as your collateral against the loan. Should you run short of money for a few months and be unable to continue paying your loan, truck lenders have the right to seize that collateral to cover what you owe. The good thing about this is that you don’t have to find other assets to serve as your collateral.

Your application will be reviewed and lenders will look at your qualifications (more on those in a bit) to determine what finance options they can offer you. They will present you with the interest rate you will pay on your loan, and if you agree to the financing terms, you’ll sign on the dotted line then start making monthly payments on your purchase.

You may be required to make a down payment as part of the application process, so plan for that.

Banks vs. Alternative Lenders for Semi Truck Financing

Both traditional banks (maybe like the one where you have your business checking account) and alternative online lenders offer semi truck financing. There are advantages and disadvantages to each.

With a bank, you may benefit from already having an established business relationship with your bank, which may help you get approved for a loan, or even get a discount on your rate. On the other hand, it may take longer to get your financing, and if you don’t have excellent credit, you might not get approved at all.

An online lender may process your application faster, and may approve you even if you don’t qualify at your bank. If you like sitting down with your banker, however, this won’t be an option for you.

Financing vs. Leasing a Semi Truck

Another option to consider besides financing used or new trucks or semi-trailers with term loans is to lease vehicles or a fleet. Commercial truck leasing may provide a more affordable monthly payment and give you the ability to return the vehicles at the end of the lease rather than have trucks that have depreciated in value. Leased vehicles, like purchased ones, often come with a robust warranty.

You should also consider TRAC leases, or terminal rental clause agreement leases. These provide more flexibility in your monthly payment and residual (what you owe at the end of the lease), which can be helpful in managing cash flow.

What Credit Score Do You Need to Buy a Semi Truck?

So here’s the big question, because the better your credit scores, the better the finance rates you’ll be eligible for. 

To qualify for the very best terms for a truck purchase, you should have good personal credit scores of 660 or higher. Lenders may also look at your business credit scores. If you run a startup or new business, you may not yet have a business credit history. You can work on building your business credit scores so you qualify for better rates in the future.

 It’s a good idea to always keep an eye on both your business and personal credit history so you know where your scores are, and you can work on improving them before applying for financing.

That’s not to say if you have bad credit you can’t qualify for commercial vehicle financing. We’ll discuss your options for this scenario in the next section.

Will Bad Credit Prevent Me From Getting Semi Truck Financing?

Even with bad credit or tax liens on your credit report, there are online lenders who are willing to extend credit to you. Just know that, with these types of loans, you will likely pay higher interest rates than you would with traditional truck or equipment loans.

Consider title loans as an option. Your vehicles are put up as collateral and you sign the title over to the finance company so that, if you can’t pay the loan, the lender takes the truck. These do have high fees, but if financing semi trucks is a priority, this may be a way to get them.

What are the Requirements for Semi Truck Financing?

While lender requirements vary, there are a few general qualifications you will need to get money for your semi truck purchase:

  • Information on the truck(s) you plan to purchase
  • Working with a reputable vendor
  • Good credit scores
  • Time in business
  • No negative marks on your credit report
  • Down payment
  • Truck insurance

How to Finance a Commercial Truck

Once you’ve gathered all the information we discussed above, such as the info about the vehicle you want to purchase, you’ll be ready to start your credit application. Borrowers are typically asked to provide information about their trucking business, such as annual revenue and time in business. You may also be asked to provide business tax returns and personal information, including your driver’s license.

Here are more tips on financing your truck.

Work with a Reputable Vendor

Most lenders will only extend credit to you if you buy your trucks from a dealer rather than a private party. And working with a professional dealer may open up other finance opportunities to you.

Have Good Credit Scores

We’ve already discussed the importance of good credit scores in helping you get the best rates. Both your personal and business credit scores matter, so access your business credit report before applying for a loan. Nav provides you with free business credit scores, too.

Know Your Time in Business

A commercial fleet financing company may want evidence that you have been in business for a minimum of two years, possibly longer. If you’re starting your big rig business, you may not find as many finance opportunities through traditional channels.

Have No Negative Marks on Your Credit Report

Another reason to review your credit report before applying is to make sure there are no tax liens, repossessions, or delinquencies on your business credit report. These are derogative marks that might make it difficult to get a good interest rate.

Have a Down Payment

In addition to needing to provide a down payment on your loan, lenders might want proof that you have working capital reserves to cover your loan payment, insurance, and repair costs.

Get Truck Insurance

Because the vehicles you buy are also your collateral, your lender may want proof that you have insured them before you drive them off the lot. That way, should anything happen to the vehicle, their collateral isn’t damaged and therefore devalued.

If you apply through a bank, it may take several days or weeks to get an answer on your application. If you apply online, you may get a decision within minutes or hours.

Commercial Truck Financing Rates and Terms

While the only way to know what rate you would get on a truck loan is to apply for one, you can generally expect, if you have good credit and a solid credit report, an interest rate of 5-6%.

If you have poor credit, you may need to make a larger down payment and then might see a rate anywhere from 7 to 30%.

For a vehicle lease, you don’t pay an interest rate but rather a flat fee, and that can vary from $300 a month for a smaller truck to $1,000 a month for a semi truck. This may be lower than what you’d pay for a financed truck, and it helps you keep cash flow steady.

The Best Semi Truck Loans

Below are a few lenders that we recommend you start your research with when seeking a semi truck loan.

Wells Fargo Transportation Financing

Wells Fargo offers both loan and lending options for commercial vehicles, with competitive fixed or floating interest rates and terms from 12 to 84 months. You can finance both new and used equipment.

Bank of America Equipment Financing Loans

Bank of America offers equipment loans (which includes heavy trucks and trailers), leases, and lines of credit from $25,000, with rates as low as 3%.

PNC Bank Transportation Finance

PNC provides several financing options, including leases and loans, for a variety of types of trucks and equipment.

Final Word: Commercial Truck Financing

Commercial truck small business loans help owner operators and trucking companies conserve money while building credit. Whether you need a fleet of trucks, a single vehicle, or a tractor trailer, explore your finance options to get the best rate.

This article was originally written on August 19, 2020 and updated on August 5, 2021.

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Susan Guillory

Susan Guillory is a Senior Content Writer for Nav. She’s written books on business and travel, and blogs about small business on sites including Forbes and AllBusiness.

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