$5,000 – $5 million
2% – 20% APR (Annual Percentage Rate)
12 – 72 months
As fast as 2 business days
Transportation companies face many challenges:
- Labor Shortages: there may be a shortage of 160,000 drivers by 2028.
- Regulations: fuel economy, hourly limits, and logging devices can add up.
- Compliance: safe parking is scarce and accidents are on the rise.
- Cash Flow: it can take up to 90 days to get paid.
- The Cost of a Commercial Truck: one truck can cost hundreds of thousands of dollars. A fleet costs even more.
Having access to working capital would solve some of these obstacles, but it’s a matter of finding the right financing solution.
What You Need to Know About Trucking Business Loans
Before you jump into a trucking business loan, weigh both the benefits and drawbacks.
- No cash collateral required
- Low interest rate
- Payment period can be long
- Truck can be seized if you are unable to pay
- Requires a down payment
- Truck depreciates quickly
Trucking Business Loans Pros
While there are many types of business funding available, none is as custom-tailored for a trucking business as a trucking business loan is! Here are a few of the benefits to consider.
No Cash Collateral Required
Most small businesses don’t have money laying around to fully purchase a commercial vehicle, so the fact that no cash collateral is required makes trucking financing a lot easier. The truck or equipment you are purchasing acts as the collateral.
Low Interest Rate
Because the truck is your collateral, you typically can get a lower interest rate than you can with other unsecured working capital loans. This can help you save on the loan in the long run.
Payment Period Can Be Long
If you’re buying an entire fleet, your loan will be sizable. The more time you have to pay it off, the less strain that monthly loan payment will put on your profits.
Trucking Business Loans Cons
Every type of financing has drawbacks. Here’s what you should be aware of.
Truck Can Be Seized
Of course, you hope you are able to pay off your equipment loan, but should the unexpected happen, missing a few payments could cost you the truck. Your lender has the right to seize it to cover the outstanding balance, which can put your business in jeopardy.
Requires a Down Payment
While there’s no cash collateral that you need to provide, you will need to make a down payment, usually 5-25%, depending on your credit.
Truck Depreciates Quickly
Like any type of machine, a commercial truck will depreciate in value rapidly. By the time the loan is paid off, you can sell it, but only for a fraction of what you paid.
What is a Trucking Business Loan?
A trucking business loan provides working capital for the purchase of a commercial truck or fleet of trucks, and is available to owner-operators and trucking small business owners with a team of drivers.
Unlike with other types of secured loans, you aren’t required to put cash down as collateral on the loan because the truck you are purchasing is that collateral.
Trucking Business Loan Companies
There are more moving parts than ever within the transportation industry, and it’s likely to get only more complex over time. There’s a huge difference between driving for a business and owning one because, in addition to worrying about regulations and compliance, you’ve also got to make smart financial decisions to keep cash flowing and your business operating smoothly.
To start a commercial trucking company, you’ve got to have a truck. To grow your company, you’ll need a fleet. If your customers aren’t putting money down in advance of receiving an order, you’ve got to put up the cash or take out the commercial truck loan to buy the truck and get the job done. Here are companies that can help.
How Does a Trucking Business Loan Work?
Once you determine that it’s time to buy a truck for your business, you’ll need to prepare before you apply for the loan. In the next section, we’ll discuss the qualifications you need. Once you apply, truck financing companies will review your application to determine first, if you qualify for a trucking business loan and second, what rate you are eligible for.
Because the truck itself is your collateral, your rate for an equipment loan or trucking business loan may be lower than it would be for, as an example, a bank loan. The reason for this is: should you be unable to pay your loan off, the lender has the right to take your truck and sell it as an asset to cover the balance of your loan. It’s risky, but if you are confident that you can pay off the loan, this could be the financing that helps you grow your trucking business.
How to Qualify for a Trucking Business Loan
There are several factors that go into how you qualify for the loan. Each lender has a different qualifying requirement for your credit, and may look at both your personal and business credit scores as well as your credit history. The higher your scores, the better rates you may qualify for.
You may also be required to make a down payment, typically 5-25% depending on your other qualifications. Lenders may also look at how long you’ve been in business, your annual revenue, and/or what your experience is in this industry.
How a Commercial Trucking Loan Can Help Your Business
If your business needs a vehicle, either because you run a trucking company or because you need to drive for your work, business financing geared specifically toward equipment purchases like commercial vehicles can help you reserve cash. This is especially important for startups who may not have much capital on reserve.
And speaking of startups: if you haven’t been in business long, you may not qualify for more traditional types of loans, but because commercial trucking loans use the vehicle as collateral, you may find it easier to qualify for this type of financing.
There are many loan options with commercial trucking loans, as well as leasing options. With either, you pay a low monthly payment, which frees up your cash to spend on other business expenses.
Another way taking out trucking financing can help your business is by building your business credit. Each of your monthly payments should be reported to one or more business credit bureaus, which, over time, will help raise your business credit scores and contribute positively to your credit report. That will help you qualify for additional financing down the road.
Best Uses for a Trucking Business Loan
There are several situations where you can benefit from having a trucking business loan.
- You’re transitioning from being a driver for someone else to an owner-operator
- You are expanding your fleet of commercial trucks
- You have an emergency that requires you to replace a vehicle
Types of Loans Available for Trucking Companies
While trucking business loans (or equipment loans) allow you to leverage your asset (the truck), making it easier to qualify for financing if you don’t otherwise qualify, there are other financing options to consider.
Some of the following will have more stringent criteria than others, such as SBA and bank loans, which require you to:
- Be in business 12+ months
- Have a personal credit score of 650+
- Have revenues of $50,000+
If you have bad credit, not to worry. A few of the loans discussed below may still be an option, though they’ll come at a higher cost.
With some of the best rates around for business loans, SBA loans are offered through banks who will work with you to choose the best Small Business Administration lending program for your needs (there are several). While you can usually get longer terms on these loans, you also typically need good credit.
The CDC/504 loan is specifically designed for business owners looking to purchase equipment like vehicles (as well as real estate).
While many traditional lenders like banks offer SBA loans for trucking businesses, others offer their own financial products. Small business loans can offer great rates, but the paperwork can take a while and the requirements can be high, so plan ahead.
Some banks offer commercial vehicle loans, but check those requirements. As an example, Bank of America requires a minimum vehicle value of $10,000, a maximum vehicle age of 5 years, and less than 75,000 miles on the vehicle you want to purchase.
A truck qualifies as equipment, so why not look into equipment financing? With equipment financing, your vehicle (or other commercial equipment) acts as your collateral for the loan. Requirements to qualify are typically easier than with bank loans.
Interest rates for equipment financing can vary wildly, so be sure to compare options.
Business Line of Credit
If you plan to buy several trucks over time, a business line of credit might be a good fit. It allows you to take out the amount you need when you need it, up to a capped amount.
Merchant Cash Advance
One of the more expensive types of credit, the merchant cash advance appeals to businesses that don’t have great credit. Rather than using your credit scores to decide whether to loan to you, these companies look instead at your revenues before approving you for a short-term loan. They come with high interest rates and short payment terms, so be cautious and exhaust other options before choosing this one.
Business Credit Cards
While business credit cards aren’t truck loans per se, they may still come in handy in your trucking business. As you will continually have business expenses but not necessarily money to cover them at the same time, having a business credit card can help you maintain a steady cash flow.
There are business credit cards that offer rewards for purchases in certain categories, which may include purchases at gas stations, so this could be a smart way to earn money back on auto-related purchases for your business.
Similar to how invoice factoring works, freight factoring allows you to sell an invoice for a load for immediate cash rather than waiting for your customer to pay for it. The freight factoring company will take a percentage of the invoice value in return.
How to Get a Trucking Business Loan
Start by deciding which of the funding options we’ve discussed you’re interested in. Leasing a commercial is one option, but realize you won’t have an asset you can sell at the end of the lease.
The application process may be slightly different, depending on the type of loan or lease you choose. You as the borrower will likely be asked questions about your business, including its industry, how long you’ve been in business, and what your revenues are.
You’ll then be asked to state the loan amount you’re interested in, and you may be asked for questions about the specific vehicle you plan to purchase.
Once your application has been approved, you will be presented with your loan options, including interest rate and repayment terms. If you agree with them, you can sign the document (many banks let you sign digitally). The funds will either be paid directly to you so you can purchase the vehicle, or sent to the vendor you will buy from.
Nav’s Verdict: Trucking Business Loan
If you’re ready to take your trucking business to the next level, a truck loan could provide the working capital you need to rocket your trucking company to success. Shop around for the best deal on semi truck financing, and make sure the lending partner doesn’t have parameters about the brand or type of truck you can purchase with the trucking loan.
- SBA Loans
- Traditional Bank Loans
- Merchant Cash Advance
- Micro Loans
- Cash Flow Loans
- Alternative Online Loans
- Construction Business Loans
- Retail Business Loans
- Restaurant Financing Options
- SBA 7(a) Loans
- SBA Express Loans